The Executive Yuan established the Homeland Security Policy Committee to help create a safer homeland. Our core missions are to build up the nation’s resilience against all kinds of hazards, strengthen vital infrastructure, ensure continuity of government, and safeguard our people’s way of life.
The committee, in accordance with its provisions and founding principles, is tasked with:
The Homeland Security Policy Committee, with the vice premier of the Executive Yuan serving as its convener, is composed of commissioners from across 23 ministries and agencies. The Office of Homeland Security (OHS) was set up under the Executive Yuan to function as the supporting staff to the committee. Its primary mission is to integrate intelligence as well as coordinate resources between all ministries; its work aims to enhance the operational effectiveness of protecting the homeland from natural and man-made threats. Once policy decisions are made by the committee, the Office of Homeland Security is also responsible for updating all related agencies as well as supervising the operations of all nine emergency response teams. The Homeland Security Framework is depicted as follows:
Despite having been internationally recognized as a low-risk country for terrorist attacks in recent years, Taiwan still considers terror threats serious matters. Lone-wolf attacks, extremist activities, and the recruitment of terrorist fighters by groups like ISIS continue to pose major security concerns around the world. From our national perspective, the likelihood of international terrorists entering the homeland through various channels could increase over time due to globalization and the improvements in transportation and communication. Furthermore, current risks related to organized crime, arms trafficking, money laundering, illegal aliens, and even domestic extremist activities may trigger major security incidents. Such incidents as well as problems related to terrorist activities require both public and private sectors to stay vigilant and work together to mitigate risks.
In terms of critical infrastructure, possible threats beyond man-made hazards could also come from man-made negligence, extreme weather, cyber attacks, and outbreaks of disease; all of which pose extreme interruption and failure risks to vital infrastructures.
Based on comprehensive studies in homeland risk assessment, the Homeland Security Policy Committee has adopted three key operational principles:
As well as two core strategies:
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