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The Executive Yuan established the Homeland Security Policy Committee to help create a safer homeland. Our core missions are to build up the nation’s resilience against all kinds of hazards, strengthen vital infrastructure, ensure continuity of government, and safeguard our people’s way of life.

The committee, in accordance with its provisions and founding principles, is tasked with:

  • Directing and overhauling homeland security policies
  • Reviewing and approving homeland security agencies’ operations plans
  • Supervising and evaluating homeland security affairs of central and local government agencies
  • Handling general policy matters related to homeland security

The Homeland Security Policy Committee, with the vice premier of the Executive Yuan serving as its convener, is composed of commissioners from across 23 ministries and agencies. The Office of Homeland Security (OHS) was set up under the Executive Yuan to function as the supporting staff to the committee. Its primary mission is to integrate intelligence as well as coordinate resources between all ministries; its work aims to enhance the operational effectiveness of protecting the homeland from natural and man-made threats. Once policy decisions are made by the committee, the Office of Homeland Security is also responsible for updating all related agencies as well as supervising the operations of all nine emergency response teams. The Homeland Security Framework is depicted as follows:

The Homeland Security Framework

Despite having been internationally recognized as a low-risk country for terrorist attacks in recent years, Taiwan still considers terror threats serious matters. Lone-wolf attacks, extremist activities, and the recruitment of terrorist fighters by groups like ISIS continue to pose major security concerns around the world. From our national perspective, the likelihood of international terrorists entering the homeland through various channels could increase over time due to globalization and the improvements in transportation and communication. Furthermore, current risks related to organized crime, arms trafficking, money laundering, illegal aliens, and even domestic extremist activities may trigger major security incidents. Such incidents as well as problems related to terrorist activities require both public and private sectors to stay vigilant and work together to mitigate risks.

In terms of critical infrastructure, possible threats beyond man-made hazards could also come from man-made negligence, extreme weather, cyber attacks, and outbreaks of disease; all of which pose extreme interruption and failure risks to vital infrastructures.

Based on comprehensive studies in homeland risk assessment, the Homeland Security Policy Committee has adopted three key operational principles:

  • Handling issues seriously
  • Responding to incidents quickly and discreetly
  • Being well-prepared for any contingency

As well as two core strategies:

  1. Fulfill Taiwan’s duty as a member of the international community and strictly abide by all counter-terrorism resolutions made by the United Nations – We oppose any form of terrorist ideology and activity. Individuals or organizations that engage in terrorist attacks or activities must be brought to justice. Taiwan shall invest heavily in related efforts to eliminate all terrorist activities within its borders while simultaneously work to block potential threats from entering our borders. We shall also focus on mitigating the risks of major security incidents and terrorist activities within our homeland by building up resilience against disasters and establish strong emergency response mechanisms.
  2. Implement critical infrastructure risk management based on all-hazard protection – Taiwan shall thoroughly evaluate and develop protection plans for all existing critical infrastructures. We collaborate closely with the private sector to build comprehensive protection mechanisms. With better organizations, our nation’s limited protection resources are more effectively utilized to maintain the continuity of government.